TypeScript vs. Babel: A Comparison of Transpilers

As developers, we often find ourselves in need of powerful tools for building reliable and efficient applications. Two of the most popular options are TypeScript and Babel, but what is the difference between them and which one should you choose? How do they compare in terms of performance and compatibility? And when should you use one over the other?

Recent research from prominent online media and financial groups has highlighted the difficulties faced by developers in choosing between TypeScript and Babel. The problems stem from a lack of understanding of what the two transpilers have to offer and how they differ from one another. In addition, developers often unknowingly take on extra work when choosing the wrong transpiler for their projects.

In this article, you will learn the differences between TypeScript and Babel, their performance and compatibility, and when to use one over the other. We will draw upon the best practices of experts in the field and use examples to illustrate how each transpiler works and the scenarios in which it is optimal. With this knowledge, you’ll be able to make informed decisions about when to use each transpiler to ensure the most successful applications.

TypeScript vs. Babel: A Comparison of Transpilers


TypeScript and Babel are both transpilers – tools that convert code from one language to another – used to develop JavaScript applications. TypeScript is a typed superset of JavaScript, while Babel is a JavaScript compiler that allows developers to use the latest version of JavaScript regardless of what browsers their website supports.
TypeScript is a typed superset of JavaScript that compiles to plain JavaScript. It comes with great features such as static type checking, classes, and modules, which makes coding more efficient and enjoyable. With TypeScript you can easily develop large and complex applications with robust code.
Babel is a JavaScript compiler that allows developers to use the latest version of JavaScript regardless of what browsers their website supports. It takes the latest version of JavaScript and “transpiles” it into code that is compatible with the browser. This ensures that the latest features are supported on all platforms.
Transpiler is a software tool that converts code from one language to another. TypeScript and Babel are both transpilers used to convert code from one language to another – in this case, from JavaScript to TypeScript and vice versa.
Finally, JavaScript is a programming language used to develop web applications. Both TypeScript and Babel are transpilers used to convert JavaScript code to a different language. TypeScript converts the code to a typed superset of JavaScript, while Babel converts the code to the latest version of JavaScript.

Uncovering the Features that Make TypeScript and Babel Different

TypeScript vs. Babel: A Comparison of Transpilers

It’s often said that technology moves faster than the speed of thought; and it’s certainly true when it comes to the world of transpilers. Such is the speed of development that the average consumer is left confused and baffled on which product is best suited to their needs. So, it’s time to look at the two titans of transpiler technology, TypeScript and Babel, and unearth the features that make them different.

Types of Transpilers

Before diving into the features that distinguish TypeScript and Babel, it’s essential to understand what a transpiler is and the types of transpilers available. A transpiler takes the code written in one programming language and converts it into a different language. There are three types of transpilers available, which are:

  • Source-to-source transpilers – convert the code into a different language but still retain the same structure and behavior in the newly created code.
  • Source-to- object transpilers – modify the source code syntax of a language into a bytecode or object code and then encode the logic of the source code to get to the newly created code.
  • Source-to-target transpilers – produce code in a different language that has been designed to match the desired behavior of the original code.

TypeScript vs. Babel

TypeScript is a source-to-target transpiler that compiles code written in JavaScript (and optionally its superset like TSX) into plain JavaScript with additional features. TypeScript adds static typing, classes, modules, compiler and more to the JavaScript language. Whilst it supports older versions of JavaScript, TypeScript also allows developers to experiment with the most recent versions of JavaScript.
On the other hand, Babel is a source-to-source transpiler, primarily for taking the newer versions of JavaScript and transpiling them for an older version, that is more widely supported. It also allows developers to use experimental versions of ECMAScript 2015, or ES6. In terms of the features, Babel allows proponents to code without polluting the global namespace, and to use polyfills, which expand the use of JavaScript to non-standard web browsers.
When making a comparison of these two transpilers the biggest difference between them is the fact that Babel compiles JavaScript code for older versions, whereas TypeScript produces plain JavaScript from the original code.
In terms of language support, TypeScript adds ES6 features like classes, modules, namespaces, type annotations and more, and the ability to use advanced versions of JavaScript. However, this isn’t possible with Babel, as it only transpiles the code from the latest version back to the older version with the same features. Babel also offers compile-time type checking and references, which are absent from TypeScript.
In terms of IDE support, the TypeScript transpiler produces plain JS code, which allows developing with most JavaScript-based IDEs like Atom, VS Code, Sublime, and IntelliJ. TypeScript also supports a wide range of languages, such as HTML and C#, CSS and AngularJS. However, the Babel transpiler only supports JavaScript.

For performances, Babel transpiling is ten times faster than the TypeScript transpiler. The main reason for this is that the latter must also check for type annotations in addition to transpiling.
In terms of the apps generated by each transpiler, the TypeScript’s compiled app generally runs faster than those generated by Babel. And finally, in terms of debugging, TypeScript provides information that is more descriptive than that provided by Babel.
Overall, it’s clear to see that TypeScript and Babel offer different features, and choosing the best transpiler depends on the requirements of each project. If you are looking for the best performance, Babel should be your go-to transpiler. But if you are looking for features such as classes, modules and type annotations, then TypeScript is the right choice for you. The best thing to do is to evaluate the requirements for each project, and make the decision based on that criteria.

Exploring the Benefits and Drawbacks of Each

Problem of Compatibility

In the ever-changing landscape of web development, it can be difficult to keep up with the various technologies and tools that come and go. One piece of technology that has become increasingly important over the last few years is transpilers, programs that convert one programming language into another. Two such transpilers, TypeScript and Babel, often leave developers wondering which is the best choice for their project. This conundrum has led to a fierce debate between those backing each platform that only grows with each codebase.

The Tug-of-War of Features

TypeScript, introduced in 2012, offers a number of features that set it ahead of Babel. The biggest advantage is its static type-checking. This means that developers can take advantage of TypeScript’s type inference system to catch errors early in the development process. TypeScript also integrates well with other web frameworks, such as React and Angular, making it easier for developers to build complex apps. Plus, it has additional features such as class-based inheritance and modules that make it stand out from the competition.
On the flip side, Babel offers developers a number of unique benefits. For starters, it supports more languages than TypeScript, meaning developers can use different programming languages and still see their programs compile correctly. It’s also easier to set up than TypeScript, making it more accessible for programmers of all skill levels. And finally, it supports more browsers, allowing even legacy browsers to run modern code.

Which is Right for You?

Finding the right transpiler for your project can be tricky. With TypeScript, you gain support for powerful static type-checking and updated features, but there is the hefty overhead of learning its syntax. Conversely, Babel’s easy setup can make it a more suitable option for developers not comfortable with TypeScript’s advanced features, but at the cost of additional browser support. Which is the right choice? That is up to you to decide as all projects come with different needs and requisites.
To make the most out of your development project, consider the tools that are out there and think carefully which one best suits your needs. What are the features you need? How important is compatibility with browsers? And, how advanced do you need the project to be? Answering these questions can help you determine which transpiler is the correct fit for your project. With a bit of contemplation, you can make sure that no matter which transpiler you choose, your project will be a surefire success.

Insight Into the Latest Development Trends for Both Transpilers

The Transpiler Battlefield: Who Will Come Out Ahead?

A wave of uncertainty has swept through the development world, with software engineers faced with a difficult decision about which transpiler will take the lead in the relentless march of technology—TypeScript, or Babel? As the two tools of choice for the budding software engineer, an in-depth exploration into their inner workings and purpose will help developers make an educated decision on which one to choose.
The first thing to note is the intended purpose for each. TypeScript is designed to be a strongly typed script language, allowing for the safe compilation of statically typed code. This provides a safeguard against runtime errors and other misfortunes. Babel, on the other hand, is aimed at aiding developers working with the new syntax and features of ECMAScript, specifically ES6, transforming and converting modern JavaScript into code the browser can understand.

The Pros and Cons of Each Option

Developers must take into account the pros and cons of each option before considering the winner of the transpiler battle. TypeScript offers the advantage of static typing, making it ideal for large-scale projects, such as enterprise software. With this comes improved features such as faster debugging, code refactoring, and higher readability. Meanwhile, Babel is a tool that allows developers to choose the features they want. This tool provides improved JavaScript consistency and support for all browsers. However, Babel may require additional plug-ins for certain tasks.
So, which transpiler will win this battle? That depends on the project at hand. As with any engineering project, the choice must be tailored to best fit the objectives of the software – one size does not fit all. It is up to the software engineer to figure out which tool will be the most effective and cost-efficient for the specific application.
What both sides do have in common however, is that ongoing development and improvements are being made to make them better than ever before. With a variety of new features and functionalities that make them even more accessible than ever, TypeScript and Babel are sure to make software development more effective for any project.


The modern web development landscape offers many options when it comes to transpiling and compiling code. For developers dealing with web applications, one of the most important questions is: TypeScript or Babel? Both provide powerful features and are built on different paradigms, so which should be the clear choice?
This is a question that still remains largely unanswered, due to the nature of the debate between the two. As both transpiling solutions continue to improve and evolve, it is becoming even more difficult to determine which is the best choice for any given project. Still, some trends are emerging in the industry that seem to indicate that TypeScript is slowly becoming the go-to choice in many cases.
It is clear that both TypeScript and Babel have their pros and cons, and for some projects one may be the optimal solution over the other. Many developers remain undecided on which to choose, however, as the debate still rages on. To properly answer this question, we must closely analyze both frameworks and their various features, keeping in mind that no single solution will be suitable for every project.
If you are interested in learning more about TypeScript vs Babel, then make sure to follow our blog. We continue to explore the topic in great detail and discuss the differences between the two, as well as the latest versions of each. Additionally, we will be bringing you the new features and updates of each as they are released, so be sure to stay tuned for more information!


Q1. What is a transpiler?
A transpiler is a type of compiler that reads code written in one programming language and outputs code that has been rewritten in another programming language. It is used to convert source code from one language to another, while preserving the same functionality of the source code.
Q2. What is the difference between TypeScript and Babel?
TypeScript is a programming language that is a superset of JavaScript, while Babel is a toolchain that is primarily used to convert ECMAScript 2015+ code into a backwards compatible version of JavaScript in current and older browsers or environments.
Q3. What are some of the advantages of using TypeScript?
The main advantages of using TypeScript are its robust type system and support for object-oriented programming features, as well as its compatibility with existing JavaScript libraries. TypeScript also provides better intellisense and support for object type inference.
Q4. What are some of the advantages of using Babel?
The main advantages of using Babel are its support for the latest JavaScript language features, improved performance, and support for a wide variety of code transforms. Babel is also much easier to use than other transpilers, and is relatively straightforward to integrate into browser-based projects.
Q5. In what ways can transpilers be useful?
Transpilers can be used to support legacy browsers without having to rewrite code, as well as to leverage features from newer language versions in older browsers. Additionally, transpilers can improve code quality and help developers avoid certain pitfalls when writing code. They can also be used to convert code between programming languages.